Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder caused by the Escherichia coli bacteria. The infection specifically affects the walls of the bladder. Cystitis often occurs when a microbe free urethra and bladder became infected by the bacteria; the infected areas then become irritated or inflamed. People of all ages and sex can be affected by this lower urinary tract infection, although studies have shown that cystitis is more common in women than men. Pregnant women, young women, elderly women and women undergoing post-menopausal period are all at high risk of infection.
Pregnant women are vulnerable because of the body changes they experience during pregnancy. Elderly women become vulnerable to infection because they are less mobile and may experience problems emptying their bladder. Post-menopausal women, on the other hand, undergo transformations in the lining of the bladder; the thinning effect makes it easy to contract cystitis. The reason young women are more prone to infection is because they are more sexually active.
The Symptoms of Cystitis
Most of the symptoms associated with cystitis can be identified within a few days of contracting the infection. The main symptoms of cystitis are: discomfort; frequent urge to urinate; stinging sensation when passing urine and a feeling that you cannot fully empty your bladder.
Causes of Cystitis
Cystitis can be caused by a number of factors, the main causes include:
- Pre-existing kidney and bladder problems
- There is a slight risk of getting cystitis trough the use of tampons by women
- Blockage of some parts of the urinary system>
- The proximity of women’s urethra to the anus increases the risk of cystitis bacteria transfer
- Frequent or vigorous sex may increase the risk of bruising, which in turn increases the chances of getting cystitis
- Sexually active females have a high risk of getting cystitis
- Patients, who do not fully empty their bladder when passing out urine, may create a perfect environment that allows the bacteria to grow
- Men with prostate cancer and pregnant women are also at great risk
Cystitis Pain Treatment
Treatment approaches for curing and managing cystitis include; self help treatments, use of antibiotics and proven remedies.
1. Use of Antibiotics
If you are experiencing severe symptoms of cystitis, the doctor may prescribe certain antibiotics to help you manage the condition. This is important because studies have shown that using antibiotics can lessen the severity of cystitis attacks by few days.
2. Self-Help Treatment
Self-help treatment strategies for cystitis are especially useful if you have mild cystitis. The treatment involves; drinking a lot of water, avoiding sex and using appropriate OTC medications such as ibuprofen or paracetamol to lessen pain. You can drink a pint of water every 20 minutes for a period of 3 hours; this will help drain the urine of potentially harmful substances. Sex should be avoided before treatment because it is a high risk factor.
3. Using Remedies
If you are experiencing mild symptoms of cystitis, you can also use Cytopurin and cranberry juice to control and manage discomfort:
- Cytopurin – this remedy contains potassium citrate and a natural extract of cranberry juice, which work together to neutralize acidity in urine.
- Drinking cranberry juice – cranberry can help relieve and prevent the re-occurrence of cystitis symptoms.
Based out of Babylon, NY, Luis Fandos is a certified anesthesiologist who helps people manage pain.